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The quick answer: Yes, dogs can eat beets because they are not toxic to dogs.
Benefits of beets
Beets are nutritious vegetables that contain vitamin C, folate, potassium, fiber, and antioxidants. Beets are safe to feed both raw and cooked. However, raw beets are quite stiff, meaning that they can be difficult to chew and digest. Because uncooked beets can pose a choking hazard, it’s safer to first cook beets before sharing them with your dog. Plain, cooked beets are ideal for giving to your dog since the cooking process softens them up and makes them easier to chew.
If you are looking for a vegetable that is quick and easy to share with pets, then beets may not be the first choice. Other veggies such as carrots and cucumbers are more dog friendly because they can be fed raw and are likely to be more palatable to your pup.
Hazards of sharing beets with dogs
Beets contain high levels of oxalates, a naturally occurring compound that can cause issues for dogs that are predisposed to bladder and kidney stones. Beets are also acidic which can cause tummy troubles, gas, and diarrhea. For these reasons, beets should only be shared in moderation. If home-cooked meals are part of your pet’s diet and you choose to include beets, have a conversation with your veterinarian to determine a safe amount to feed.
As previously mentioned, raw beets can be difficult for your dog to digest, especially for smaller breeds. Beets are also an intrinsically messy vegetable, and a bite of beet can temporarily stain light-colored fur and even the carpet if your pet decides to drop it there. Keep in mind that the red color passes through the digestive system, resulting in what looks like a bloody stool, but don’t worry—it’s just the beets.
Canned and pickled beets should be avoided because they are high in added sodium.