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Chow Chow Dog Breed and Pet Insurance Guide

By Christy True and medically reviewed by Jennifer Coates, DVM
published: November 22, 2023 • 6 min. read
Chow chow outside

Introduction to Chow Chows

An ancient dog breed is the chow chow, which resembles a lion and is known for its unique blue-black tongue. These intelligent and dignified dogs originated in China and have many attractive qualities, such as being essentially odor-free, housetraining easily, and requiring little exercise. Despite their size, they do well in city life and have a self-assured demeanor. Even though chow chows have gotten a reputation for being aggressive, they can be faithful companions and loyal family dogs when they are properly socialized and cared for.

Here are all the things you need to know about the chow chow breed before you bring one of these amazing dogs into your home.

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Size of Chow Chows

A fully grown chow chow should weigh 45 to 70 pounds and stand, on average, 17 to 20 inches tall. They typically stop growing around one year of age but will continue to gain a little weight until they are 18 months old or so.

Here’s how big you can expect your chow chow to get as the dog grows from puppyhood to adulthood:  

Weight Chart3 months6 months9 months12 months18 months
Male chow chow16 – 27 lbs.40 – 56 lbs.42 – 62 lbs.48 – 68 lbs.50 – 70 lbs.
Female chow chow15 – 25 lbs.36 – 52 lbs.40 – 60 lbs.43 – 63 lbs.45 – 65 lbs.
Chow chow with a dish

Characteristics of Chow Chows

Chow chows are dogs with strong personalities and a distinctive sense of self. They are protective and loyal dogs initially bred to be skilled at guarding, hunting, and pulling carts. Chow chows tend to be cautious around strangers and aloof around people they don’t know well. However, they are very loyal to their family members and make fantastic watchdogs. Although chow chows are not the most outwardly affectionate dogs, they still bond with the people they are closest to and make wonderful additions to a household when properly socialized.

As you get to know a chow chow’s personality, here’s what you can expect based on his or her breed characteristics:

Breed CharacteristicLevel (High, Medium, Low)
Affectionate with PeopleMedium
Good with KidsLow
Good with PetsLow
Need for ExerciseLow
Energy LevelLow
Intelligence LevelMedium
Able to Be TrainedMedium
Amount of BarkingMedium
Amount of SheddingHigh

History of Chow Chows

Chow chows are among the oldest dog breeds in the world and have been depicted in artifacts dating back to China’s Han Dynasty in 206 B.C. However, historians believe that the breed goes back much further than this and is linked to spitz-type breeds, such as the Norwegian elkhound and the Pomeranian. Chows were companions to Chinese nobles and exhibited at the London Zoo in the 1820s as “wild dogs of China.”

Queen Victoria acquired one later in the 1800s, and the first chow chows were exhibited in America in the 1890s. The American Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1903. The home and lifestyle guru Martha Stewart became known for her chow chows that made appearances on her television shows.

Chow Chow Standard Information

Chow chows were originally bred as working dogs that were powerful, sturdy, and muscular with a medium size. Their bodies are compact, their heads are large, and their expressions typically appear serious.

Here is an overview of the breed standard information for chow chows:

Chow chow


  • Large head that is proudly carried
  • Scowling, dignified, snobbish, and independent expression
  • Dark brown eyes that are deep-set and wide apart
  • Small, moderately thick, and triangular-shaped ears
  • Short muzzle in comparison to the length of the top skull
  • Large and broad nose with open nostrils
  • Solid black mouth is ideal

Neck, Topline, Body:

  • Strong, full, and well-muscled neck
  • Short, compact, and broad body
  • Tail set high and carried closely to the back


  • Strong shoulders that are well-muscled
  • Forelegs appear parallel and widely spaced
  • Dewclaws may be removed
  • Feet are round, compound, and cat-like


  • Heavy in bone with the rear and front bone about equal
  • Hock joint well let down and almost straight
  • Metatarsals short and perpendicular to the ground
  • Dewclaws may be removed
  • Feet same as in the front


  • Coat can be rough or smooth, but both are double-coated
  • Tail is well-feathered on rough coats, and coat length varies greatly
  • No ruff or feathering on the legs or tail on smooth-coated chow chows


  • Red, black, blue, cinnamon, and cream colorations
  • All of these colors are judged on an equal basis


  • Somewhat lacking in speed but excellent endurance
  • Straight rear leg provides usable and efficient power
Chow chow being groomed

Caring for Chow Chows

Because of the chow chow’s nature and breeding over the years, they often do best as the only pets in a household. Compared to other dog breeds, they are not the most ideal companions for other dogs, cats, or young children. But with early socialization and good training, they can overcome these stereotypes and do very well in a family setting.

These dogs are not overly energetic but still require some exercise every day. They do require regular grooming and shed heavily twice a year.

Here are some general tips for taking the best care of a chow chow:

Best Living Environments:

  • Only pet in the house
  • Adapt well to city life
  • Households with a knowledgeable owner
  • Colder climates

Type of Exercise:

  • Generally low exercise needs
  • Two 15- to 30-minute walks per day
  • Alternatively, one long walk per day

Mental Enrichment:

  • Time outside in a fenced yard
  • Leashed walks at least once a day
  • Relaxing days around the house with family

Training Strategies:

  • Easy to housetrain
  • Crate training is recommended
  • Start socialization at an early age
  • Life-long socialization and training using only positive reinforcement

Grooming Tips:

  • Brush two to three times per week
  • Extra maintenance during twice-yearly shedding
  • Trim nails as needed
  • Brush teeth daily
Chow chow getting a bath

Common Health Problems of Chow Chows

The average life expectancy of a chow chow is eight to 12 years. Although this breed is relatively healthy, there are still certain health conditions that chow chows are prone to. When you have pet insurance through Healthy Paws, you can focus more on getting your chow chow the necessary veterinary care and less on the cost of the bills.

These are some of the most common health issues that arise with chow chows:

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Patellar luxation
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Bloat
  • Entropion, cataracts, and other eye problems
  • Skin allergies
  • Sebaceous adenitis
  • Alopecia X

The Orthopedic Foundation of America (OFA) recommends the following health screenings for chow chows that are going to be part of a breeding program:

  • Eye examination
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Autoimmune thyroiditis
  • Patellar luxation
  • Cardiac examination (optional but recommended)

Before purchasing a chow chow puppy, ask the breeder to show you the results of their breeding dogs’ health screening tests.

Diet and Nutrition for Chow Chows

Chow chows are at elevated risk for gastric dilatation-volvulus (bloat), which is why it is important to feed your adult dog two to three meals per day rather than just one large meal daily. Also, don’t feed your chow chow right before they go out to exercise or play. You can also try using a slow-feeder bowl with your chow chow to prevent bloat.

Most adult dogs will thrive when eating a high-quality, nutritionally complete and balanced dog food. Chow chow puppies should eat a large breed puppy food until they are around 12-18 months old. If you feed your dog homemade food, make sure you are working from a recipe that is designed by a veterinary nutritionist and is appropriate for your dog’s age and health status.

Feed the amount of dog food needed to keep your pet slim. You should be able to feel their ribs without having to press too hard. In general, puppies need more calories per day than adults, but a dog’s needs will vary with their activity level and other factors. Don’t leave food out all day for a chow cow to graze on. Divide the total amount of food for the day into at least two or three meals for adults and three or four meals for puppies. Place the food out in a bowl at approximately the same times each day.

Talk to your veterinarian if you have any questions about your chow chow’s diet or health.

Where to Adopt or Purchase Chow Chows

Chow chow in the snow

If you are ready to bring one of these “lovable lion” dogs into your home, there are options to purchase or adopt a pet. The Chow Chow Club, Inc. is a member of the American Kennel Club and the parent club for this breed. It offers a directory of breeders in the U.S., Canada, and internationally.

If you prefer to find a chow chow through a shelter or rescue group, there are local and regional organizations dedicated to this breed in various parts of the country. For example, you can contact the Chow Chow Rescue of Central New York or the Chow Chow Rescue of Maryland, which are nonprofit rescue groups. Many shelters have dogs that are mixes of chow chows and other breeds as well.

Related Breeds

Chow chows are certainly a unique breed of dog, but there are other breeds that you might want to look into also before making a final decision about a new pet. Here are some similar and related breeds to the chow chow:

Pet Insurance for Chow Chows

To help you take the very best care of your dog, Healthy Paws offers chow chow insurance with the #1 customer-rated pet insurance plan for the past seven years. Our plan covers everything from accidents to illnesses, cancer care, genetic and hereditary conditions, emergency care, breed-specific conditions and alternative care so you can make the best decisions for your chow chow’s health. You can visit any licensed vet you trust and simply submit vet bills to us through our mobile app.

For peace of mind and more happy days with your pup, get your chow chow pet insurance quote on our website today!

Christy True and Tomas
By Christy True

Christy has been writing about pets for Healthy Paws for 28 dog years. She also coordinates media requests and manages the Healthy Paws Foundation. A background in journalism may be why she enjoys writing about offbeat animal studies and the latest viral pet trends. She has been owned by several dogs, and she volunteers with a local dog rescue. Outside of work, she can usually be found sliding down a mountain near her home in Bend, Ore.

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jennifer coates
By Jennifer Coates, DVM

Dr. Jennifer Coates received her Bachelor of Science degree in biology from McGill University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. After graduation, she worked for several years in the fields of conservation and animal welfare before pursuing her childhood dream—becoming a veterinarian. She graduated with honors from the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine and has worked as an Associate Veterinarian and Chief of Staff in Virginia, Wyoming, and Colorado. Jennifer is also a prolific writer about all things related to veterinary medicine and the well-being of our animal friends. She has published several short stories and books, including the Dictionary of Veterinary Terms, Vet-Speak Deciphered for the Non-Veterinarian. She currently contributes to the Healthy Paws pet insurance blog as a freelance writer. In her free time, Jennifer enjoys life in Colorado with her family and friends… many of whom walk on four legs.

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